By Amanda Thuy-An Nguyen, 2017 MPH Candidate, Emory University May 2, 2017
In 2015, the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction took place in Sendai, Japan.
The outcome of the five-day conference is a new global agreement to manage disaster risk worldwide – the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030……
and most Americans have never even heard of it!
The Sendai Framework strives to “substantially reduce disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health and in the economic,
Henry Dunant kneels in a field in Solferino. Overcome with emotion, he has witnessed for the first time in his life the horrific, stark reality of newly-modernized, industrial warfare, coming of age in 1859.
Thousands of bodies lay piled haphazardly on top of each other, many still alive, suffering not only from their festering wounds but also an even more cruel thirst as there is no water or care for any of them. The dead and wounded are looted… giving up their boots, their coats and treasured mementos from home. Even the horses suffer without water and many are euthanized.
During the past 50 years (1966-2015) 20,533 disasters caused an estimated 4.5 million deaths worldwide. Natural hazards caused 62% of these disasters and 38% were human-induced.  We are reminded that, sadly, most disasters (and disaster deaths) that could happen have not happened yet. (GAR 2015, p54.) This paper describes disaster mortality and what measures can be taken to reduce the mortality from future hazardous events, including disasters.
Disaster-related mortality is defined as those deaths occurring where the immediate or the underlying cause(s) occur as a result of exposure to a natural or human-induced hazard.